Personal, Social and Health Education and Citizenship - Key Stage 2

Knowledge, skills and understanding

Developing confidence and responsibility and making the most of their abilities

1. Pupils should be taught:
a) to talk and write about their opinions, and explain their views, on issues that affect themselves and society
e) about the range of jobs carried out by people they know, and to understand how they can develop skills to make their own contribution in the future

Preparing to play an active role as citizens

2. Pupils should be taught:
a) to research, discuss and debate topical issues, problems and events
b) why and how rules and laws are made and enforced, why different rules are needed in different situations and how to take part in making and changing rules
d) that there are different kinds of responsibilities, rights and duties at home, at school and in the community, and that these can sometimes conflict with each other
f) to resolve differences by looking at alternatives, making decisions and explaining choices
g) what democracy is, and about the basic institutions that support it locally and nationally

Developing good relationships and respecting the differences between people

4. Pupils should be taught:
b) to think about the lives of people living in other places and times, and people with different values and customs

Breadth of opportunities

5. During the key stage, pupils should be taught the Knowledge, skills and understanding through opportunities to:
b) participate [for example, in the school’s decision-making process, relating it to democratic structures and processes such as councils, parliaments, government and voting]

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